Nutritional introduction of vegetable and fruit fermentation

I. Phytochemicals
Phytochemicals are the immune system of plants.
In addition to vitamins, minerals and fibers, vegetables and fruits have thousands of different natural compounds called phytochemicals. It is an essential element of plant growth and a source of material for the plant's colorful natural pigments and plant odors. Phytochemicals provide plant self-protection, resist infection from insects, bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protect against UV rays, radiation, air and soil pollution, and various chemical damages. For humans, it is a "non-essential nutrient." However, because the body itself cannot make phytochemicals, it must be taken from various foods.
Different kinds of phytochemicals have different functions on the human body, such as its powerful antioxidants, which can scavenge free radicals, activate immune functions, enhance immunity, assist vitamins to exert physiological functions, stimulate enzyme detoxification activities in the body, and regulate the production of enzymes. Prevent cell damage, improve blood circulation, inhibit inflammation and allergies, resist bacterial and viral infections, and reduce the risk of cancer. It is helpful for the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases. It can also improve sleep, memory, improve physical fitness and promote longevity, which is to enhance immunity, anti-aging and prevention. cancer.
Common phytochemical
  1. Flavonoids:
(1) Anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins; (2) catechins; (3) quercetin; (4) citrin; (5) rutin; (6) apigenin.
  1. Carotenoids:
(1) β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, α-carotene; (2) lutein; (3) zeaxanthin; (4) lycopene; (5) capsaicin, capsanthin, etc. .
  1. Organic sulfides:
(1) Allicin; (2) sulforaphane; (3) glutathione; (4) hydrazine; (5) isothiocyanate.
  1. Phenolic acids:
      (1) chlorogenic acid; (2) ellagic acid; (3) gallic acid; (4) p-coumaric acid; (5) ferulic acid; (6) salicylic acid; (7)Tannin acid.
  1. Phytoestrogens:
      (1) isoflavones; (2) lignans; (3) diosgen soap.
  1. Other:
      (1) chlorophyll; (2) curcumin; (3) resveratrol; (4) caffeic acid; (5) citric acid, limonin; (6) plant saponin; (7) bitter melon; 8) Rosemary and so on.
II. Dietary fiber
       Refers to plant-derived food ingredients that cannot be decomposed by human digestive enzymes. Dietary fiber is mainly a variety of plant materials other than non-starch polysaccharides, including cellulose, lignin, arabinoxylan, resistant starch, resistant dextrin, wax, Chitin, pectin, β-glucan, inulin and oligosaccharides.
III. Polysaccharide
Most of the polysaccharides are found in mushroom mites and can be directly absorbed into the body through the intestinal tract in a special way. Different kinds of mushrooms have different polysaccharides. The composition and efficacy of these polysaccharides are slightly different. Some of them have relatively large molecular weights, such as polysaccharides of Ganoderma lucidum and Tremella polysaccharides. Our gut can't digest the polysaccharides with such a large molecular weight, so these polysaccharides will collide in the intestines. This collision process also activates the sleeping immune cells in the body and wakes up the immune system to face the external threat.
γ-Aminobutyric acid (English: abbreviated as GABA, chemical name: 4-aminobutyric acid), also known as aminobutyric acid, pipecolic acid. Widely distributed in plants and animals. Plants such as genus, genus, etc. GABA is contained in seeds, rhizomes and tissue fluids. In animals, GABA is almost exclusively found in nerve tissues. GABA is an important inhibitory neurotransmitter that is deeply involved in research. It is involved in various metabolic activities and has high physiology active. In the human body, GABA also directly regulates muscle tone.
V. Vitamins
Vitamin (Vitamin) is a collective term for a range of organic compounds. They are the micronutrients needed by living organisms, but they are generally not produced by the organisms themselves and need to be obtained by means of diet.
Vitamins don't produce energy, but they do regulate the metabolism of the organism.